Facts & Figures


Meghalaya, State Of India, Located In The Northeastern Part Of The Country. It Is Bounded By The Indian State Of Assam To The North And Northeast And By Bangladesh To The South And Southwest. The State Capital Is The Hill Town Of Shillong, Located In East-Central Meghalaya.

Capital Shillong
LocationThe State Lies Between 20º.1 N And 26.5º Latitude And 85º49 'E And 92º52 'E Longitude.
Total Area22,429 Sq. Km.
Forest Area8,510 Sq. Km.
Population23,06,069 (2001 Census)
Density79 Per Sq. Km.
Total LiteracyTotal Literacy 77% (Male : 79% & Female 74%)(As Per National Sample Survey Organisation). Nsso, New Delhi - 1997.
Climate4 Seasons Summer 28ºc Maximum And Winter 3.8ºc Maximum. Average Rainfall In The State Is 12,000 Mm.
Principal LanguagesKhasi And Garo.
Official LanguagesEnglish
Total No. Of Assembly Constituencies 60 (Sixty) 55 - Reserved Seat. 5 - Unreserved Seat.
Total No. Of Parliamentary 2 (Two) Lok Sabha.
Constituencies1 (One) Rajya Sabha.
Total No. Of Autonomous District Councils3 (Three) (I) Khasi Hills Autonomous District Council. (II) Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council. (Iii) Garo Hill Autonomous District Council.

The Flora

Meghalaya Wildlife Holiday Tour Is Full Of Treasure Trove Of Nature, With Its Rich Variation Of Dense Endemic And Cultivated Flora. Nature, In Its Plenteous Abundance, Had Blessed Meghalaya With A Unique Array Of Plantation, Ranging From Tropical And Sub-Tropical To Temperate Or Near Temperate. This Is Due To The Diverse Physiology, Varied And Plentiful Of Rainfall And Distinctive Climatic And Edaphic Conditions Of The State, Within Small Regions. Biotic Factors Have Also Played An Important Role, At Places Decisive.

Geographical Position Of Meghalaya Has It Appears Favoured Immigration And Introduction Of Different Plant Species From The Neighbouring States Of The North Eastern India And Also Countries Like China, Tibet And Burma.

The Fauna
Meghalaya Is Also A Happy Hunting Ground To The Zoologists For Its Interesting, Rare And Diverse Fauna Wealth. It Is Said That About 50% Of The Entire Wildlife Population Of Mammal Are Found In The Entire Indian Sub-Continent Can Be Seen In Meghalaya Wild Life Natioinal Parks And Other Sanctuaries In The North-East. Out Of The Above, Nine Genera Of Wildlife Of Mammals, Such As Tupaia, Rhizomys, Cannomys, Chiropodomys, Micromys Etc. Are Only Found In Meghalaya Jungle And Its Adjoining Areas.

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